When you hear the word fluoride, of course, toothpaste products immediately pops up in the mind. Fluoride chemicals are usually contained in toothpaste products that aim to prevent tartar problem.
Besides being in toothpaste, fluoride is also contained in the water that we drink. However, the amount of fluoride in water also varies. Water from the mountains will naturally be mineralized and will automatically contain fluoride in it. Some tap water are also usually treated with fluoride.
But, in addition to providing benefits, if consumed in excessive amount, fluoride can also cause side effects that are dangerous to our body.
1. Lowering IQ in Children
Research from Harvard University states that fluoride can affect the development of IQ and memory in children if consumed in excess.
2. Triggering the Onset of Cancer
The presence of excess fluoride in the body is considered to increase the risk of Osteosarcoma, which is a malignant bone cancer.
3. Damaging the Hormone System
Excessive consumption of fluoride can cause decreased function of the thyroid gland which produce thyroid hormones to regulate the body’s metabolism.
4. Causing Disruption of the Digestive System
If you consume excessive fluoride, these substances can interfere with the digestive system and cause diarrhoea.
With some side effects and the danger caused by fluoride, is it still safe to consume? Moreover, many manufactured bottled water have added fluoride to their products because of the benefits such as protecting teeth from damage.
There are many pros and cons regarding the health issue of fluoride content in drinking water. In reality, fluoride is not entirely dangerous if consumed according to normal measurement. Fluoride is considered one type of chemicals that is needed by human body, its benefits are to prevent dental caries, cavities, and to help the formation of tooth enamel in children.
You don’t need to be afraid of the dangers of fluoride in your body. The Indonesian government has determined levels of fluoride that can be consumed, which refers to WHO guidelines (no more than 1.5 mg/L), and SNI01-3553-20015 (no more than 1 mg/L). So, fluoride in the water or toothpaste is already in the correct amount that will not cause negative side effects, no need to worry anymore!